Showing posts with label Elizabeth Pugsley Hayward. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Elizabeth Pugsley Hayward. Show all posts

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

More Exciting Developments at TheAncestorFiles

The introduction of our first additional blogger, James Tanner, has been such a great success, that we decided to continue expanding our franchise. We're excited to announce our newest blogger, cousin Emily Wessman.

Fun times at the Wessman home. Clockwise from lower left: Marie, Eliza, Melinda, Heidi, Emily, Macrame Owl, Amy, Tiffany.

Emily has been working on the Glade and Wessman family history for quite a few years now. She has been able to collect and provide to the family an amazing number of wonderful family pictures and  letters and other memorabilia.

More happy times at the Wessman home in Sugar House, Salt Lake City, Utah.

One of Emily's family history interests is our ancestor, Elizabeth Ann Pugsley Hayward. Emily may have the opportunity to do some original research in the Utah State Archives and share some of that information here.

Additionally, Emily and I have been working together to have a gravestone placed for Amanda Matilda Hall Wessman. We will be posting more information about that soon.

Such exciting times! Welcome, Emily!

Wednesday, January 16, 2013

In Which We Bid Farewell to NewFamilySearch and Welcome Family Tree

It took awhile to get this post up! This was originally posted on Keepapitchinin on January 10th and extensively discussed there, and I just noticed it was mentioned in the "Bloggernacle Back Bench" in the Deseret News.

* * *

The Church genealogical database NewFamilySearch (NFS) has been frustrating for so many people, particularly those who do actual genealogical research and care about accuracy. NFS allowed people with no particular skill to upload sketchy aggregated online family trees (usually culled from Ancestral File, Ancestry, and RootsWeb) and have their data look as valid as the correct information.

Family Search recently released a replacement for NFS. It is called Family Tree. So far, I’m impressed. It has solved some of the worst of the problems with NFS and whereas it was hardly worth correcting NFS, I’ve found it worthwhile to go in and start correcting the record in Family Tree.

Here is a guide to getting started. (In addition to this brief tutorial, there are some good tutorials in Family Tree. Click on the “Help” menu in the top right corner.)

* * *

First, every time I start working on Family Tree, I open up two windows: one for Family Tree and one for Family Search.

In the Family Tree window, I select the person I want to work on. For this tutorial I chose my ancestor Elizabeth Ann Pugsley Hayward. She was an early Utah politician who introduced the 19th Amendment into the Utah Senate for ratification and was one of the first women to serve as a delegate to a national political convention. She was vice president of the Utah Woman Suffrage Association and president of Daughters of Utah Pioneers.

Sunday, December 30, 2012

Elizabeth Hayward's Notebook

Elizabeth Ann Pugsley Hayward left a notebook detailing the vital information for all her children: birth dates, LDS ordinances, the death dates of the six children who died as children, and the marriage information for the three children who survived. I have transcribed the text from a photocopy and added pictures, most of them provided by cousin Emily.

Henry John Hayward (1852-1927) and Elizabeth Ann Pugsley Hayward (1854-1942) with two of their children.

Henry Gammon Hayward
Son of Henry J and Elizabeth A Hayward
Born October 16th 1876
Blessed by T McKean December 7th 1876
Died December 23rd 1879 Aged 3 years 2 months and 7 days
Our first born his Fathers image his mothers pride and joy

Emily Inez Hayward
Daughter of Henry J and Elizabeth A Hayward
Born February 11th 1878
Blessed by T McKean April 4th 1878 
Died December 18th 1879 Aged 1 year 10 months and 6 days
Our first girl

Elizabeth Hayward with Philip Pugsley Hayward (1880-1891). Picture taken in San Francisco.

Philip Pugsley Hayward
Son of Henry J and Elizabeth A Hayward
Born June the 5th 1880
Blessed July the 1st 1880 by T. McKean
Baptised September 4th 1888 by Joseph Keddington
Confermined September 6th 1888 by Bishop [Frederick] Kesler
Died April 23rd 1891
Aged 10 years 10 months and 18 days
Oh Phil Phil child of hope given to me in time of sorrow and trouble

Left: Sidney Allen Hayward (1883-1886). Right: Philip Pugsley Hayward (1880-1891). 

Sidney Allen Hayward
Son of Henry J and Elizabeth A Hayward
Born September the 4th 1883
Blessed October the 4th 1883 by Bishop Kesler
Died February the 4th 1886
Aged 2 years and 5 months
This is the mother life
To bear to love to lose

Martha Hayward (1885-1886)

Martha Hayward
daughter of Henry J and Elizabeth A Hayward
Born July 8th 1885
Blessed September 4th 1885 by Bishop Kesler
Died August 27th 1886
Aged 1 year 1 month and 19 days after four weeks of suffering our baby went
suffer little children to come unto me for of such is the kingdom of heaven

“Oh the stillness of the room
Where the children used to play,
Oh the silence of the house,
Since the children went away.

This is the mother life—
To bear, to love, to lose;
Till all the sweet sad tale is told
In a pair of little shoes,

In a single broken toy
In a flower pressed, to keep,
All fragrant still the faded life
Of them who fell asleep.”

Left: Leah Merle Hayward (1889-1905). Right: Hazel Jean Hayward (1887-1959).

Hazel Jean Hayward
Daughter of Henry J. and Elizabeth A Hayward
Born March the 30th 1887
Blessed June 5 1887 by Bishop Kesler
Baptised June 6th 1895 By Elder Hilton
Confermd August 1st 1895 by Bishop Kesler
Married November 25th 1908 To Henry R.E.Wessman

Leah Merle Hayward (1889-1905)

Leah Merle Hayward
Daughter of Henry J and Elizabeth A Hayward
Born December the 8th 1889. Blessed February [missing] 1890 By Bishop Kesler
Baptised Feb 5th 1898 by Elder Thomas Maycock Confirmed Feb. 5th 1898 by Concilor William Langton
Died Nov 12th 1905
Endowed Dec 21st 1906 her Mother acting

Elizabeth "Bess" Cripps Hayward (1892-1989)

Elizabeth Cripps Hayward Daughter of Henry J. and Elizabeth A Hayward
Born June 12th 1892
Blessed November 1892 by Bishop F. Kesler
Baptised July 1905
Married July 18th 1917 to Lewis Robert Edwards. Married by Bishop F. S. Tingey

John Ewing Hayward (1895-1988)

John Ewing Hayward
Son of Henry J and Elizabeth A Hayward
Born June 19th 1895
Blessed August 1st 1895 by Bishop Kesler
Baptised July 1903
Ordained a Deacon April 1908
Married Nov 1925 To Mildred Corson

Friday, May 25, 2012

Elizabeth Pugsley Hayward on Wikipedia

I had a little time this afternoon and decided to create a Wikipedia page for Elizabeth Pugsley Hayward. I've edited articles before, but this is my first Wikipedia page from scratch.

Here's a link to her page: Elizabeth Pugsley Hayward.

If you go to the Wikipedia page and scroll down to the bottom, she has been added to a number of categories, including 1854 births, American Latter Day Saints, Women state legislators in Utah, and others.

Wednesday, December 15, 2010

Elizabeth Hayward Causes: The 1900 Utah Elections, Part 2

A reader asked about the purpose of the different conventions represented by the ribbons in the last post. Here are articles about each of the four conventions.

February 24, 1900—Democratic County Convention—Deseret Evening News, page 1

"When Chairman Lloyd announced announced [sic] that the convention was in order the seats allotted to the delegates were well filled and a number of lady representatives graced the assemblage."

March 1, 1900—Democratic State Convention—Deseret Evening News, page 1-2

September 6, 1900—Democratic State Convention—Deseret Evening News, page 1

September 14, 1900—Democratic County Convention—Deseret Evening News, page 1

In this last article, Henry Hayward is listed as one of the officers of the Salt Lake Third Municipal Ward. I have just been assuming that the ribbons were Elizabeth's. Is it possible that Henry was the only delegate from the family? Or were both he and his wife Elizabeth delegates? I have no idea where I would find a list of the delegates to the four Utah Democratic Conventions in 1900. There were 540 delegates to the last convention.

September 15, 1900—Democratic County Convention—Deseret Evening News, page 1

Tuesday, December 14, 2010

Elizabeth Hayward Causes: The 1900 Utah Elections

My time line of the life of Elizabeth Hayward, which I will post at some future date, notes that she was elected to the city council in 1895 for one term. I'm not sure what a term was in Salt Lake City at that time. One year? Two years? Four years? That was the year that her youngest child, John Ewing, was born, so it would have been a very busy year for her.

Five years later, she was heavily involved in the Utah elections. Here are some of the ribbons from the different conventions that year. They are largely self-explanatory.

Delegate—Democratic County Convention.—Feb. 24, 1900

Delegate—Democratic State Convention.—March 1, 1900

Alternate—Democratic State Convention.—September 6, 1900

Delegate—Democratic County Convention—Sept. 14-15, 1900

So 1900 would have been another busy year with four children at home: Jean, who was 13 that year, Leah Merle, who would turn 11 that year and would live for another five years before dying in 1905, Bess, who was eight that year, and John, who was five.

Monday, December 6, 2010

Elizabeth Hayward Causes: Uncle Jesse for Governor

Uncle Jesse for Governor

Who was "Uncle Jesse"? I can't remember a governor of Utah named Jesse off the top of my head. Did he run and lose the election?

It looks like it is time to turn to Google.

Okay. The governors during the time that Elizabeth Hayward was involved in politics were:

Heber Manning Wells (1896-1905), John Cutler (1905-1909), and William Spry (1909-1917), all Republicans. [William Spry was a close associate of John Morgan in the Southern States Mission and throughout his life, so he has been mentioned on this blog a number of times.]

Simon Bamberger (1917-1921), Democratic.

Charles R. Mabey (1921-1925), Republican.

George Dern (1925-1933), Democratic.

And that's probably late enough. More on Bamberger, Mabey and Dern in future posts.

So, Uncle Jesse was not a governor. Who was he?

The first Google search points to a character on Dukes of Hazzard. Nope. Too late, and Elizabeth Hayward didn't seem to treat her political involvement with humor. (As far as I can tell.)

Adding "Utah" to the search string reveals the obvious answer: Uncle Jesse was Jesse Knight. He was a son of Newell Knight, a well-known character in Mormon history. 

Jesse Knight was one of the few Mormons involved in mining, and he was hugely wealthy, and amazingly philanthropic. He was well beloved in Utah and helped to save the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from financial difficulties in the late 19th century. The Utah History Encyclopedia notes that:
Essentially more sensitive and modest than most business leaders during this age of ruthless capitalism and conspicuous consumption, he probably deserved the endearing nickname of "Uncle Jesse"—a rich but giving uncle. In fact, he believed that his money was for the purpose of doing good and building up his church; he regarded the matter as a "trusted stewardship." As he once said, "The earth is the Lord's bank, and no man has a right to take money out of that bank and use it extravagantly upon himself."

The article also notes that he never sought high political office. So why was he running for governor?

The answer: he wasn't. According to an article by Diane Mangum, "Jesse Knight and the Riches of Life," which is well worth reading:
Jesse was not only at the economic hub of the community but active in civic affairs as well. He was a lifelong Democrat, and in 1908 his party asked him to run for governor. Jesse declined. He felt that he was too uneducated for the job. [Gary Fuller Reese, “Uncle Jesse: The Story of Jesse Knight, Miner, Industrialist, Philanthropist,” master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, June 1961, p. 85.]

Gary Fuller Reese's thesis is available online (see link above, and if you want to read the entire thesis, scroll down on the left, and download the printing version).

Here is what the New York Times said about the event:
Jesse Knight, Named by Democrats for Governor, Won't Accept.

LOGAN, Utah, Sept. 23.—The Democratic State Convention which adjourned late last night did not adopt the plank favoring the absolute separation of Church and State, as was first reported.

Jesse Knight, who was nominated by acclamation for Governor, said to-day that he would refuse to accept the nomination, as his age and varied business interests made it impossible for him to give the proper attention to the duties of the office should he be elected. [September 24, 1908, New York Times.]
Whatever the reason he refused to run, after he declined the nomination, his son J. William Knight ran in his place but lost the election.

One of Knight's business partners, George Dern, served as governor of Utah several years later, and Jesse's grandson Goodwin Jess Knight served as governor of California from 1953-1959.

Friday, December 3, 2010

Elizabeth Hayward Causes: Some Random Ribbons

These ribbons are rather representative of Elizabeth Hayward's involvement in different causes: her political party, the Daughters of Utah Pioneers, a committee ribbon, and "Hospitality," probably a ribbon from serving on that committee for some event, and two Utah ribbons, one with her name on it. The Utah ribbons are probably from her service as a delegate at Democratic National Conventions.

Thanks once more to Toni for all these images!

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Elizabeth Hayward Causes: Service Star Legion

After World War I drew to a close, a group of women in Baltimore formed an organization called the Service Star Legion. The organization was founded in 1919 to assist servicemen and their families, support the United States government, and lend their efforts to related projects such as veteran's hospitals.

In Salt Lake City, a group called the War Mothers, organized in 1918, merged with the Service Star Legion in 1920. Elizabeth Hayward's son John Ewing Hayward had served in the war, and she joined the Service Star Legion. She served as corresponding secretary, chaplain, and parliamentarian for the Chapter.

The Salt Lake Chapter created Memory Grove Park in Salt Lake City in the 1920s. I cannot find the entry in the Marriott Library catalog at the University of Utah, but I see this description of a collection in the library on a genealogy site in Pennsylvania (Tri-Counties Genealogy):
Service Star Legion, Salt Lake County Chapter Papers (Ms 222)

University of Utah Marriott Library, Manuscripts Division

The Service Star Legion, Salt Lake County Chapter Papers (1923-1975) holds material regarding the Salt Lake County Chapter, the Utah Division, and the national organization. Included are annual rosters for the Salt Lake County Chapter, a 1951 handbook, and three convention programs from the 1940s. Also present are histories of projects and programs. Papers from the Utah Division include a constitution, by-laws, articles of incorporation, and convention programs and minutes. There are also two programs from the Utah-Wyoming Division from the early 1930s. A constitution and convention programs for the national organization are included, as are brief histories of the organization, copies of the national magazine, The Service Star, and an autobiography by Cora Baker, a national charter member. News clippings from 1923 to 1968 provide information about the activities and people associated with the Service Star Legion. Two scrapbooks also hold news clippings, as well as photographs, reports and other items. The Service Star Legion was organized in Baltimore, Maryland in 1919. In Utah, the original group was known as the War Mothers (organized 1918) that affiliated with the Service Star Legion in 1920. The group's purpose was to bring comfort and aid to servicemen and their families, and to support the U.S. government. They pursued civic projects, such as assistance with veterans hospitals. The Salt Lake County Chapter, beginning in 1926, improved and supported Memory Grove Park. The organization planted trees honoring Utah's war dead and Memorial House is dedicated to their memory. A register is available. 
The Service Star Legion does not seem to exist any more, but two similar organizations exist today, Blue Star Mothers for mothers with a child in the armed services, and American Gold Star Mothers, for mothers with a son or daughter who died in the service.

Memory Grove Park, to the east of the Utah State Capitol Building

Photo of the ribbon from Wessman cousin Toni. Photos of Memory Grove Park from and

Tuesday, November 23, 2010

Elizabeth Hayward Causes: Ten Percent, Part 2

After searching in Google Books on the term "American history 'ten percent' progressive" and considering Elizabeth Hayward's Progressive ideals, and specifically her interest in protecting the rights of children as well as her strong support of President Woodrow Wilson, the most likely answer to my question about what her "10%" button meant is the following.

In 1919 President Woodrow Wilson signed the Child Labor Tax Law.
The Child Labor Tax Law is title No. XII of an act entitled 'An act to provide revenue and for other purposes,' approved February 24, 1919.... The heading of the title is 'Tax on Employment of Child Labor.' It begins with section 1200 and includes eight sections. Section 1200 is as follows:
    'Sec. 1200. That every person (other than a bona fide boys' or girls' canning club recognized by the agricultural department of a state and of the United States) operating (a) any mine or quarry situated in the United States in which children under the age of sixteen years have been employed or permitted to work during any portion of the taxable year; or (b) any mill, cannery, workshop, factory, or manufacturing establishment situated in the United States in which children under the age of fourteen years have been employed or permitted to work, or children between the ages of fourteen and sixteen have been employed or permitted to work more than eight hours in any day or more than six days in any week, or after the hour of seven o'clock post meridian, or before the hour of six o'clock ante meridian, during any portion of the taxable year, shall pay for each taxable year, in addition to all other taxes imposed by law, an excise tax equivalent to 10 per centum of the entire net profits received or accrued for such year from the sale or disposition of the product of such mine, quarry, mill, cannery, workship, factory, or manufacturing establishment.' (Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co., 259 U.S. 20 (1922))
Basically, this act was an attempt to regulate and discourage child labor by instituting a ten percent tax on the net profits of business that employed children younger than fourteen or had them working more than eight hours a day, six days a week.

This tax was found unconstitutional in 1922 by the U.S. Supreme Court in the act quoted above, Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Company.

The photo is from Wikipedia and was taken by Lewis W. Hine in 1910. The subject is "Rose Biodo, 1216 Annan St., Philadelphia. 10 years old. Working 3 summers. Minds baby and carries berries, two pecks at a time. Whites Bog, Brown Mills, N.J. This is the fourth week of school and the people here expect to remain two weeks more. Witness E. F. Brown. Location: Browns Mills, New Jersey."

Elizabeth Hayward Causes: Ten Percent

This will be a short post, since I can't figure out what this means! Anyone know?

Monday, November 22, 2010

Elizabeth Hayward Causes: March of Dimes

The virus poliomyelitis, also known as polio or infantile paralysis, is highly contagious and can easily be spread from person to person. If the virus enters the bloodstream it can result in severe damage to the central nervous system and muscle weakness or paralysis. It usually affects children.

A series of widespread polio epidemics began in the early 20th century, resulting in great suffering throughout the United States. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt caught polio at the age of 39 and was severely crippled the rest of his life. In 1938, President Roosevelt established the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis to defeat the polio epidemic. The history of that organization is one of the great medical stories of the 20th century.

The foundation began its effort with a radio campaign asking everyone in the country to contribute a dime to fight polio. The foundation's fundraisers were called The March of Dimes, and that name stuck to the entire organization. The March of Dimes funded the work of researchers Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin and many others in the development of the two successful polio vaccines.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was remembered after his death in 1945 for his part in the eradication of polio by having his picture placed on the dime.

Along with many of her other efforts to benefit the healthy growth and development of children, Elizabeth Hayward was involved in the March of Dimes. This little button is one of the items from the collection of her political and social memorabilia.

Elizabeth's grandchildren grew up with  children who had suffered from polio. Her grandson John injured an ankle during a game of tag and remembered the following story:
One of my friends, Don Weaver, had suffered from polio and was completely incapacitated from the waist on down; he loaned me a pair of crutches that he had, so I could walk around with him—he on his leg braces and on his other crutches. This was during the summer when we liked to go swimming in one of the large irrigation ponds in the Burch Creek [Ogden] area. One day after I had shown some improvement from my ankle injury, we went to a pond with one of his brothers and with a couple of my brothers. I almost didn’t get there, because traveling for about a mile or a mile and one-half on crutches was a real chore—especially for me on crutches, but not for Don because he had been doing it for years and had tremendously strong arms and shoulders. Coming back after swimming in the cold irrigation pond was downhill and easier than going up...

Despite the race for a cure, one of Elizabeth's great-grandchildren caught polio in September 1954, just seven months before Dr. Jonas Salk announced that the polio vaccine was "safe, potent, and active." While the great-grandchild suffered a comparatively mild case, he still feels the effects of the disease many years later.

Although there is still no way to cure polio, the disease has been almost entirely eradicated throughout the world, and will continue to be more and more of a distant memory as long as vaccination efforts continue, thanks to the dimes and community efforts of many people like Elizabeth Hayward.

These images in this series were provided by Wessman cousin Toni. Thanks, Toni! The picture of FDR and the March of Dimes poster are from their respective Wikipedia entries. The newspaper clipping is from the Kane County Standard (September 16, 1949) and illustrates some of the changes in medical care during this period.

Tuesday, October 12, 2010

Elizabeth Hayward Memorabilia

Earlier this year, Wessman cousin Toni sent pictures of a large collection of Elizabeth Hayward memorabilia. It might be awhile before I am able to work them into a series of posts about her career as a politician and activist, but here is a small sample.

Elizabeth was evidently a delegate to the National Congress in support of the League of Nations after World War I and attended a convention to support its passage. I have not been able to find out where this conference was held, but Elizabeth traveled widely to attend many political conventions, and I do wish I had asked my grandparents for her collection of commemorative spoons from locations across the country and United States, which I believe has been split up among the extended family.

Elizabeth was one of the first women to serve as a delegate to a national political convention, the 1908 Democratic Convention in Denver, so this is rather a historical artifact. Here is a Wikipedia article mentioning her involvement.

And, that's all for today!

Sunday, October 10, 2010

The First House Built in Utah

The attached picture was taken and used by the Tribune for publicity in advertising the Pioneer Ball given at the ODEON, November 17, 1919.

Mrs. Elizabeth Pugsley Hayward, President of the Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, is sitting in large rustic arm chair; Mrs. Olive Pixton Eardley, President of the Daughters of the Mormon Battalion, is sitting in the antique home made rocking chair, and Mrs. Lily C. Wolstenholme, President of the Daughters of the Handcart Pioneers is standing by the adobe fireplace found in the interior of the first house built in Utah, which now stands on the Temple Block. This is perhaps, the only picture ever taken of the interior of the pioneer dwelling with its crude and antique furniture, ranging from the homemade carpet to the pioneer clock on the wall; and the dried apples and sage hanging from the ceiling.

The ladies in the picture wore dresses of Pioneer days; Mrs. Hayward's represents a street costume of he early '50s; Mrs. Wolstenholme's a ball dress of about the same period, and Mrs. Eardley wore a wine-colored satin which was brought from England and had the distinction of being over 75 years old.

The old log house was built in September 1847 by Osmyn Deuel, and was located just North of the East portal of the Old Fort (now Pioneer Park).

In March 1849, Albert Carrington bought it and removed it to the corner of First North and West Temple Streets, and five Carrington children were born there. When his daughter, Frances married Zebulon Jacobs, Mr. Carrington gave it to them, and they first made it home about the year 1871, being several years after their marriage. When the family had no further use for it, Mr. Jacobs gave it to the Church and in July 1912, it was removed to the Museum in the Vermont Building. Later it was removed to the rear of the Bureau of Information, (Temple Block), where it now stands. (The Vermont Building was replaced by the Crossroads Mall [which has now been demolished for the City Creek Development].)

This is the street view of the cabin. It is a bit hard to see, between the Family History Library to the left and the Church History Museum to the right.

Note by Norinne Husbands, September 13, 1990: Jennifer Lund, who works at the museum, told me that in 1976 the log cabin was put in storage, then later taken completely apart and put back together as the cabin had been originally built. The Jacobs family did not use the fireplace and had removed it, but it was placed back in when it was rebuilt and placed between the LDS Church Museum and the Genealogical Library on West Temple directly across from Temple Square. The three ladies in the picture were responsible in large part for the first renovation when it was given to the church.

There is a nice description of the cabin and its history here.

Monday, October 4, 2010

DUP Presidents Biography

Elizabeth Pugsley Hayward. April 11, 1917, Daughter Hayward was elected President. This was during World War I, and President Hayward's work was greatly curtailed. She and her officers were called into the Red Cross service, and entered into it with a real zeal of a Daughter of a Pioneer. A service flag, honoring the men in service, was made, and it was during her term of office that a tax of twenty-five cents was levied on members to be paid annually as dues. In May, 1919, the relic exhibit was moved to the State Capitol, where Governor Simon Bamberger had given space for the same. President Hayward was one of the greatest organizers, and was an active member until her death.

Carter, Kate B. 1949. Heart throbs of the West: Volume 10. Salt Lake City, Utah: Daughters of Utah Pioneers.

Monday, September 27, 2010

An Enduring Legacy

April 11, 1917 — April 7, 1921

Elizabeth was the eldest daughter of Philip and Martha Roach Pugsley, born in Salt Lake City, Utah, December 23, 1854. Her parents were of splendid pioneer stock, having crossed the ocean from England in a sailing vessel, then crossed the continent by foot and ox team in order to be with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, to which they had converted. They suffered the same hardships as other early pioneers. When Elizabeth was born, they were living in a little log cabin which had only a leaky roof and a rough dirt floor. She was told that upon the occasion of her arrival a quilt had to be held over the bed in order to protect her mother and herself from the storm.

Her early life, while one of sacrifice and hardship, was nevertheless a happy one, since she had the love of devoted parents and was a member of a large, congenial family. As the family grew in size and prospered in wordly goods, this helped to improve their advantages.

Being the oldest girl, Elizabeth did not have the opportunity for much schooling. Her time was spent in helping her mother rear the family, including two sets of twins. One boy of a set of twins was reared as her own. She had the entire responsibility for him from his birth until after her marriage.

In the early days, while she was at home, she helped with the making of tallow candles, the carding, spinning, and dyeing of wool for cloth, and other such necessary work. As a young girl she learned the art of dressmaking, and thereafter for many years made all the clothing worn by both the men and women of the family.

At the age of twenty-one, on her birthday, December 23, 1875, she was married to Henry J. Hayward. They moved into a little two-room adobe house he had built, most of its furniture having been made by him also. Here two precious children were born to them, but their home was saddened a few years later when both were taken in death by diphtheria. Her brother Albert, whom Elizabeth had raised from infancy, died the same day as her own boy died. They were buried December 23, 1879, the anniversary of their mother's own birth and marriage. During the next twenty years, seven more children came to bless their union, but only three survived to maturity: Jean, Elizabeth and John.

It was not until after the loss of so many of her children that she went outside her home to do public work other than her Church activities. Always interested in the welfare of children, her first public assignment was president of the Mother's Club of the Washington School. The aim of this organization was to improve conditions in the school.

In 1907 she joined the Daughters of Utah Pioneers and subsequently held the positions of corresponding secretary, assistant registrar, registrar, vice-president and president during the years 1917 to 1921. During World War I she was a special agent for the government, collecting and reporting on the prices of food in Salt Lake City and submitting a report concerning her findings every two weeks. She was also in charge of the state work of the Red Cross for the Daughters of Utah Pioneers.

Her interest in politics was rewarded by the Democratic Party when she was elected a member of the state legislature. She had the honor of being the first woman to preside over the senate, which honor was granted to her several times during the sessions of 1919 and 1921. [The legislature met every other year.] A sincere and ardent worker in the suffrage cause, as a member of the senate in 1919 she introduced a resolution endorsing national suffrage, and also introduced the resolution ratifying the National Suffrage Act.

A member of the League of Women Voters since its organization, through her interest and work in the cause of suffrage, she had her name placed on a roll of honor in the building dedicated to the work of the League at Washington, D.C.

The Salt Lake Council of Women, composed of representatives of thirty-eight women's clubs affiliated with the organization, selected Mrs. Hayward to their Hall of Fame, honoring the most prominent women of the city. Selection was made by ballot on the basis of each woman's civic contributions of permanent value to the community. This was indeed a highlight in Mrs. Hayward's life.

Although her public work was extensive, she was deeply devoted to her husband and children, interested first in their well-being. Death claimed her loving life partner in January 1927, but her splendid pioneer courage led her ever onward as a loyal adherent to every cause of justice and right.

She died January 27, 1942, at the age of eighty-seven, ending a life of useful service to mankind, beloved by her family and all who knew her.

Daughters of Utah Pioneers. An Enduring Legacy. Volume 1. "Presidents of the Daughters of Utah Pioneers." Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1978, pp 236-238.

The dates listed under Elizabeth's name are the dates of her service as President of the Daughters of Utah Pioneers.

Wednesday, September 22, 2010

Utah in the World War

The book Utah in the World War by Noble Warrum is an exhaustive list of the servicemen involved in the First World War and a description of the war efforts. I find that I have a copy of three pages which encompasses the description of the list of servicemen, and lists John E. Hayward as an enlisted man from Utah. He is described as follows:

*Hayward, John E. ............. Salt Lake
     8-8-17 to 9-27-19, GS

The star means that he served overseas. Next are his dates of service, and GS means "General Service."

Family records note that he served in France.

Here is his draft record. It shows that he was a student at the University of Utah, working at Salt Lake Mill and Construction, and was not subject to the draft because he worked for the Red Cross Ambulance Corps, Div. 27.


Utah, and Noble Warrum. Utah in the World War: The Men Behind the Guns and the Men and Women Behind the Men Behind the Guns. Salt Lake City: Arrow Press, 1924.

Tuesday, September 21, 2010

Utah As It Is

This 632-page look at Utah culture and society in 1904 seems to have been published to sell copies of itself, rather than have any more idealistic views in mind, perhaps somewhat like Who's Who. But it has a nice little biography of Elizabeth Hayward.

Mrs. Elizabeth A. Hayward.
Among the prominent women who have become so not only through their womanly qualities and their motherhood in this glorious State, but also because of their active participation and achievements in public affairs, few are better known or entitled to more general recognition than the one above named. She was born in Salt Lake City, December 23, 1854, being the daughter of Philip and Martha Pugsley, who rank among the Pioneers, having come to Utah in September, 1853, and were among our best known and most respected citizens. The subject of this sketch achieved her present name by marriage, on December 23,1875, to Henry J. Hayward, the head of the Salt Lake Building and Manufacturing Company.

Mrs. Hayward has contributed nine children to the population of the State and has performed a wide measure of womanly duties otherwise. She has taken an active interest in politics, having been a member of the Woman's Democratic Club since its organization, immediately after Statehood. She was assistant Secretary for one year, Secretary for two years, then President for the years 1902 and 1903. She was also President of the Parents' Club of the Washington school district, for the years 1901 to 1903, and is a member of the Library Board of Salt Lake City. She has an extensive acquaintance throughout the State and is greatly respected wherever known. She will undoubtedly be heard from as the times advance.

Monday, September 20, 2010

Utah Central Railway Jubilee

Fifty years after the driving of the last spike, January 10, 1920 completing the construction of the Utah Central from Ogden to Salt Lake City, a great jubilee was held in Salt Lake City.

The celebration consisted of three parts: first, an informal reception at the Hotel Utah; second, a banquet for those who were engaged in constructing the road; and third, a meeting in the Mormon Tabernacle in the evening. At the informal reception the original tie, still containing the last spike driven at 2:00 P.M., January 10, 1870, was exhibited. The reception was attended by approximately 250 of the original builders of the road, who were the guests of the city, free transportation being furnished to all the veterans and all expenses paid.

The General Committee consisted of Gov. Simon Bamberger, Mayor Mont Ferry [William Montague Ferry, Salt Lake City mayor, 1916-1920], Mayor-elect E. A. Bock [Edmund A. Bock, Salt Lake City mayor 1920], C. W. Penrose,  C. F. Stillman [Board of County Commissioners], Andrew Jenson, D. S. Spencer, John A. Widtsoe, D. W. Parratt [President of the Board of Education], Emma Lindsay, B. H. Roberts, H. V. Platt [railroad], J. E. Galligher [mines], A. C. Reese, Elizabeth Hayward [state senator], Gen Richard W. Young [he's not listed in the program, probably because he died two weeks earlier of appendicitis], J. S. Early [railroad], Jerrold R. Letcher [founder of the Utah State Historical Society], Joseph Decker, Lily C. Wolstenholme [member of the House of Representatives], George D. Pyper, Earl Jay Glade, Col. Willard Young.

The Executive Committee consisted of Mayor-elect E. A. Bock, Chairman, Andrew Jenson, Vice-Chairman, C. F. Stillman, D. S. Spencer, A. C. Reese, D. W. Parratt, Secretary and Treasurer.

Carter, Kate. Treasures of Pioneer History. Volume 1. Salt Lake City, Utah: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1952.

The souvenir program is from the American Libraries Internet Archive.